Chanakya rules (pun intended!)

I have sifted a few Chanakya rules, that are worth ruminatingchanakya rules

1. Do not be very upright in your deal­ings for you would see by going to the for­est that straight trees are cut down while crooked ones are left standing.

2. He who gives up shy­ness in mon­e­tary deal­ings, in acquir­ing knowl­edge, in eat­ing and in busi­ness, becomes happy.

3. The wise man should restrain his senses like the crane and accom­plish his pur­pose with due knowl­edge of his place, time and ability.

4. These five are your fathers; he who gave you birth, gir­dled you with sacred thread, teaches you, pro­vides you with food, and pro­tects you from fear­ful situations

5. The fol­low­ing qual­i­ties of the denizens of hell may char­ac­terise men on earth; extreme wrath, harsh speech, enmity with one’s rela­tions, the com­pany with the base, and ser­vice to men of low extraction.

6. No mes­sen­ger can travel about in the sky and no tid­ings come from there. The voice of its inhab­i­tants is never heard, nor can any con­tact be estab­lished with them. There­fore the brah­mana who pre­dicts the eclipse of the sun and moon, which occur in the sky, must be con­sid­ered as avid­wan (man of great learning).

7. The stu­dent, the ser­vant, the trav­eller, the hun­gry per­son, the fright­ened man, the trea­sury guard, and the stew­ard: these seven ought to be awak­ened if they fall asleep.

8. The stu­dent (brah­macari) should com­pletely renounce the fol­low­ing eight things — his lust, anger, greed, desire for sweets, sense of dec­o­rat­ing the body, exces­sive curios­ity, exces­sive sleep, and exces­sive endeav­our for bod­ily maintenance.

9. He alone is a true brah­mana (dvija or “twice-born”) who is sat­is­fied with one meal a day, who has the six sam­skaras (or acts of purifi­ca­tion such as garb­had­hana, etc.) per­formed for him, and who cohab­its with his wife only once in a month on an aus­pi­cious day after her menses.

10. Those men who are happy in this world, who are gen­er­ous towards their rel­a­tives, kind to strangers, indif­fer­ent to the wicked, lov­ing to the good, shrewd in their deal­ings with the base, frank with the learned, coura­geous with ene­mies, hum­ble with elders and stern with the wife.

11. What fault of spring that the bam­boo shoot has no leaves? What fault of the sun if the owl can­not see dur­ing the day­time? Is it the fault of the clouds if no rain­drops fall into the mouth of the chatak bird? Who can erase what Lord Brahma has inscribed upon our fore­heads at the time of birth?

12. Cour­tesy should be learned from princes, the art of con­ver­sa­tion from pan­dits, lying should be learned from gam­blers and deceit­ful ways —–censored—-.

13. He who is not shy in the acqui­si­tion of wealth, grain and knowl­edge, and in tak­ing his meals, will be happy

14. He who is overly attached to his fam­ily mem­bers expe­ri­ences fear and sor­row, for the root of all grief is attach­ment. Thus one should dis­card attach­ment to be happy.

15. Exces­sive attach­ment to sense plea­sures leads to bondage, and detach­ment from sense plea­sures leads to lib­er­a­tion; there­fore it is the mind alone that is respon­si­ble for bondage or liberation

16. There are three gems upon this earth; food, water, and pleas­ing words — fools (mud­has) con­sider pieces of rocks as gems.

17. We should always speak what would please the man of whom we expect a favour, like the hunter who sings sweetly when he desires to shoot a deer.

18. It is ruinous to be famil­iar with the king, fire, the reli­gious pre­cep­tor, and a woman. To be alto­gether indif­fer­ent to them is to be deprived of the oppor­tu­nity to ben­e­fit our­selves, hence our asso­ci­a­tion with them must be from a safe distance.

19. If you wish to gain con­trol of the world by the per­for­mance of a sin­gle deed, then keep the fol­low­ing fif­teen, which are prone to wan­der here and there, from get­ting the upper hand of you: the five sense objects (objects of sight, sound, smell, taste, and touch); the five sense organs (ears, eyes, nose, tongue and skin) and organs of activ­ity (hands, legs, mouth, gen­i­tals and anus).

20. A wise man should not divulge the for­mula of a med­i­cine which he has well pre­pared; an act of char­ity which he has per­formed; domes­tic con­flicts; pri­vate affairs with his wife; poorly pre­pared food he may have been offered; or slang he may have heard.

21. Sas­tric (scrip­tural) knowl­edge is unlim­ited, and the arts to be learned are many; the time we have is short, and our oppor­tu­ni­ties to learn are beset with obsta­cles. There­fore select for learn­ing that which is most impor­tant, just as the swan drinks only the milk in water.

22. The heart of a woman.….….….….. —— censored ———-

23. The fool (mudha) who fan­cies that a charm­ing young lady loves him, becomes her slave and he dances like a shakun­tal bird tied to a string.

24. A king, a pros­ti­tute, Lord Yama­raja, fire, a thief, a young boy, and a beg­gar can­not under­stand the suf­fer­ing of oth­ers. The eighth of this cat­e­gory is the tax collector.

Dis­claimer: I do not com­pletely endorse the above, for they made more sense than the other rules that he had. Please read at your own risk. Poten­tial guilt, anger, anx­i­ety, long time over­bear­ing con­tem­pla­tion are the side effects.

Image above is used from they do some really great work of art in Ban­ga­lore, many thanks for the pic, bor­rowed from google images.

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